By Alex Harper
In December, it is fair to say that winter has arrived. And throughout November, diehard birders and backyard birders alike turn over the stones to see or hear what types of wintering birds will be with us for the next few months. At parks, in canyons, and neighborhoods, our songbirds have mostly settled into their wintering areas. Mixed flocks of Ruby-crowned Kinglets, Yellow-rumped and Orange-crowned Warblers rove through a variety of habitats. White-crowned Sparrows move confidently in large groups, aggregating where food is plentiful. You may see them around seeding Quailbush in much of the valley. Look for their cousins, White-throated and Golden-crowned Sparrows, which occasionally join groups of White-crowned Sparrows. For the most part, songbirds tend to stay put once they find a wintering area. They are no longer migrating long distances, but they will move around locally and wander for food supplies.
Some songbirds are a little less predictable. Red-breasted Nuthatches and a few finch species are such birds. They move around more freely throughout the winter, admonishing the idea that we usually have of songbirds: that they are supposed to move roughly north or south with the spring or fall. For birds like siskins, Evening Grosbeaks, and Red Crossbills, this may not be the case. These species are more nomadic, searching valleys and mountainous areas for their favored seed crops. It is yet to be seen what these birds are doing, but there do appear to be more reports of Red-breasted Nuthatches, grosbeaks and crossbills in the Las Vegas Valley than in the previous winters. Finches call frequently while in flight, so familiarizing yourself with their calls will help you detect them as they flyover. Detecting finches as “flyovers” is a common occurrence with this globally successful family of birds.
At our wetlands and lakes, waterbirds move freely as well. Many of our geese and ducks continue to move around and the Winter season progresses. These birds are often hunted or disturbed in many wintering areas, so over time they naturally end up at wetlands where hunting is not permitted. It is in part for this reason that you will run into more birds at places like Clark County Wetlands in January than you will in December.
For those looking to get out of the city for a day of birding, consider visiting agricultural areas around Moapa Valley or south of Laughlin. Visiting these habitats during the winter can be highly rewarding. Agricultural areas attract heaps of bluebirds, pipits, blackbirds and sparrows. And with those, predators often follow; the Moapa Valley, Overton, and Warm Springs areas can be excellent places to see wintering falcons, Red-tailed Hawks and harriers. You may even spot a Ferruginous Hawk, our largest hawk in on the North American Continent. Another good reason to bird these areas is that few people often do. If you are the type of person that loves to sleuth around for interesting birds, you may well stumble across an unusual bird that no one else has detected yet. They are out there, and uncommon and rare birds will be found by local birders.
Finally, we have a longstanding Audubon tradition to look forward to, and that’s the Christmas Bird Count (CBC) Season. We participate in six counts in our area: Ash Meadows, Corn Creek, Muddy River, Pahranagat, Red Rock and Henderson circles. The Henderson and Corn Creek CBCs are closer to home, and the others require a bit of traveling. For each count, a compiler is in charge or organizing and creating parties that spend the morning or afternoon counting. If you are thinking of participating but aren’t sure if your bird identification skills are up to snuff, we have a solution! Our count compilers do a great job at grouping beginning birders will skilled observers. We love to teach in this organization, and will fit you in. If you’d like to know more, our calendar will reveal the CBC dates and the names and contacts of the compilers.
Photo Credit: Alex Harper